An Overview on Piano Chords

Piano chords are a crucial part of playing the piano.

Learning to play different types of chords will give you more options in your playing, and make it easier for you to accompany yourself with other instruments.

This blog post explores these different types and offers tips on how they may be implemented into your music-making.

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One of the most interesting aspects of how piano chords work is how there are so many types. The number of chord variations that exist for pianos alone is staggering, and it becomes very difficult to keep track of them all. In this article, we’ll list some common types and how they work in order to help you understand what’s possible with piano chords.

What are piano chords?

Piano chords are combinations of two or more notes played simultaneously. The word “chord,” in music, refers to the simultaneous sound of three or more different pitches. 

Piano chords can be combined with scales and arpeggios to create a musical piece; however, piano chord progressions form the basis of many songs that we hear today. 

In order for you to understand how many piano chords there are and how they’re used, it’s important to have an understanding of how modern-day harmony works first!

Types of piano chords

There are many types of piano chords. Some common types include major, minor, augmented, and diminished triads and seventh chords. You can also play more complex types like six-four chords, added tone chords, or secondary dominants depending on what you’re going for musically.

Major chords

Major chords are built from the root note, major third, and perfect fifth. (ex: C E G) The three notes of a major chord must be in specific intervals to sound good together! There are seven different types of major chords that can all have their own unique characteristics depending on how many sharps or flats are in the key.

Minor chords

These chords follow a very similar formula to how major piano chords come together, but minor triads use a root note, minor third, and perfect fifth instead of major ones. (ex: C Eb G). There are three types of minor triad chords that can be used as well!

Augmented chords

Augmented piano chords are a minor triad, just like minor piano chords. The difference is that an augmented triad consists of the first (or root), sharp-third, and sharp-fifth notes in either major or minor scale, depending on which version you’re playing.

Diminished chords

Diminished piano chords are minor triads as well, just like minor and augmented piano chords. The difference is that the diminished triad consists of the first (or root), flat-third, and double-flat fifth notes in either major or minor scale, depending on which version you’re playing.

Seventh chords

A seventh chord is also known as just “seventh” or sometimes called “major seventh.” It consists of the first (or root), third, fifth, and seventh notes in the major scale. A dominant seventh piano chord adds another note on top: flat-seventh instead

Why are piano chords important?

Well, without them you’d have no songs and be stuck humming the same tune over and over.

To make music more exciting, musicians use different harmony techniques to coax a large amount of variation out of such simple building blocks. There are lots of ways that chords can be used together in sequence or in combination with each other as part of chord progressions.

How can I improvise chords on the piano?

There are many ways to do this. If you have a good understanding of chord progressions and harmonic function, then it’s possible to just play the right hand as an accompaniment while improvising with your left hand or playing melodies on top of chords. And vice versa: if you’re stuck on ideas, try improvising in one hand while playing the chords in the other.

One of the best ways to get great at improvising is by learning some chord progressions that you enjoy, but it’s also important to learn how they work! When you can do this it will open up a world of possibilities for you, helping you to play the piano by ear and improvise like a professional musician.

How can I make piano chords sound more interesting?

There are lots of different ways to make piano chords sound more interesting.

One way is through the use of chord inversions, which can be done by moving a note or two from one part of the chord to another.

For example, a C major chord is made up of the notes: C-E-G. You can rearrange these notes and play them in any order you choose by changing their position within the structure of the chord itself.

How do I find piano chords by ear?

Finding piano chords by ear is a really fun way to expand your knowledge of music and help yourself learn how to play different types of songs. It can take some time at first, but with practice, you’ll be able to recognize many chord progressions that exist within popular tunes from all across the world.

You don’t even need any fancy equipment to do this! You can use a piano or even your own voice (if you’re willing to sing!).

What is harmony in piano music?

Harmony in piano music is the study of how chords and chord progressions form musical relationships with each other.

What is harmonic resonance?

Harmonic resonance, also known as consonance and dissonance, are terms used in musical theory that describe how pleasant or unpleasant chords sound when played together. These concepts play an important part in chord progressions and can help you make sense of why some chords sound good together while others don’t.

What is chord substitution?

Chord substitution refers to using a different type of chord or tension within the same key in order to add variety to your music and make it sound more interesting. This can be done by replacing one chord with another that has a similar function but sounds slightly different (for example, replacing a dominant chord with its submediant).

Chord substitution can also refer to using chords from parallel keys in order to create interesting and unique sounding progressions.

For example, let’s say you have the following C major chord progression: C-F-G. You could use A minor (chords I-III) instead of F because they both have the same function in their respective keys. You could also use G major (chords V-VII) instead of C because they sound very similar and would add a certain color to your musical piece.

Can I play piano only using chords?

Yes, you absolutely can play piano only using chords. In fact, there are many songs that have been written specifically for the use of nothing other than chord progressions! They may sound a little strange at first, but with practice, they become much easier to recognize and even start singing along with.

Is playing only with chords the same as accompanying a song?

No, playing only with chords is not the same as accompanying a song. Accompaniment involves creating harmonies and melodies that weave in and out of each other to create musical tension within a composition. Playing the piano using chord progressions on their own does not involve this type of arrangement at all! It’s just four or more notes that are played back to back.

Does every song include chords?

No, every song does not include chords. Many songs are written as solo pieces meant for one musician to perform on their instrument (e.g.: piano, guitar, bass). These types of songs usually only have one line of music that is played without the use of any chords at all!

However, most songs will include some sort of chord progression or another in order to give them a harmonic foundation.

Are chords only relevant for popular music, or are they also used in classical music?

Chords can be used in all forms of music! In fact, they are extremely important for classical and a lot of modern compositions. Even classical piano pieces are written using chord structures in order to create strong melodies and sound beautiful.

Is it important to know all the piano scales to be able to play chords correctly?

No, it is not necessary to know and understand all the piano scales in order to play chords correctly. Knowing how chord progressions work can be just as helpful!


There is a lot of information out there about chord progressions and their harmonic relationships. You can learn more by doing some experimenting on your own! Try playing different chords together and pay attention to the sound. Do they seem like they are meant for each other? Or do you notice tension?

Learning to identify musical tension can be challenging but it will help you understand what chords sound good together and which ones do not go well with each other.

The best way to use chords and chord progressions is to experiment. Find out what works for you, how they sound together with your voice or instrument and most importantly have fun!

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