How to practice piano effectively

Are you looking to improve your piano skills but don’t have access to a piano? Or maybe you’re wondering how much time you should dedicate to practicing each day, week, or month? Or perhaps you’re struggling with sight reading and want to know how to improve?

In this article, we’ll cover all these questions and more, providing you with tips and techniques for effective piano practice. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced pianist, these strategies will help you develop your skills and become a better piano player.

How to practice piano effectively​


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Table of Contents

The Importance of Piano Practice

Before we dive into specific techniques and strategies, let’s first understand why practicing piano is crucial for skill development.

Piano Exercises for Skill Development

Just like any other skill, playing the piano requires practice to improve. By practicing regularly, you’ll develop muscle memory, hand-eye coordination, and finger dexterity, making it easier to play more complex pieces. Piano exercises are an essential part of practice, as they help you develop specific skills and techniques. These exercises can include:
  • scales
  • arpeggios
  • and chord progressions.
By incorporating these exercises into your practice routine, you’ll see significant improvements in your playing abilities.

Consistency is Key

Consistency is crucial when it comes to piano practice. It’s better to practice for shorter periods every day than to have one long practice session once a week. By practicing regularly, you’ll retain the skills you’ve learned and continue to improve.

Practice Makes Perfect

The saying “practice makes perfect” may be cliché, but it holds true when it comes to playing the piano. The more you practice, the better you’ll become. It’s essential to set aside time for practice each day, even if it’s just for a few minutes. Over time, these short practice sessions will add up, and you’ll see significant improvements in your playing abilities.

How to Practice Piano Without a Piano

If you don’t have access to a piano, you may think that you can’t practice. However, there are ways to practice piano without a piano, allowing you to continue developing your skills even when you don’t have access to an instrument.

Use a Keyboard or Digital Piano

If you have access to a keyboard or digital piano, you can use these to practice. While they may not have the same feel as an acoustic piano, they still have the same keys and can help you develop your skills.

Practice Finger Exercises

You can also practice finger exercises without a piano. These exercises focus on developing finger strength and dexterity, which are essential for playing the piano. You can find finger exercises online or in piano exercise books.

Visualize Playing

Another way to practice without a piano is to visualize playing. Close your eyes and imagine yourself playing a piece or practicing a specific technique. This technique can help you improve your muscle memory and mental focus, making it easier to play when you have access to a piano.

How Many Hours Should You Practice Per Day, Week, and Month?

One of the most common questions when it comes to piano practice is how much time should be dedicated to it. The answer to this question varies depending on your skill level and goals. Here are some general guidelines to help you create a practice schedule that works for you.


If you’re just starting with the piano, it’s essential to build a strong foundation. This means practicing regularly, even if it’s just for a few minutes each day. Aim for at least 15-20 minutes of practice per day, gradually increasing the time as you become more comfortable with the instrument.

Intermediate Players

Intermediate players should aim for 30-45 minutes of practice per day. This time can be divided into smaller sessions throughout the day, depending on your schedule. It’s also essential to incorporate more challenging pieces and techniques into your practice routine to continue developing your skills.

Advanced Players

Advanced players should aim for at least an hour of practice per day. This time can be divided into multiple sessions, depending on your schedule. It’s also essential to challenge yourself with more complex pieces and techniques to continue improving.

Weekly and Monthly Practice Goals

In addition to daily practice, it’s also essential to set weekly and monthly practice goals. These goals can include learning a new piece, mastering a specific technique, or improving your sight-reading abilities. By setting these goals, you’ll have a clear focus for your practice sessions and continue to make progress.
LevelDaily Practice TimeWeekly Practice TimeMonthly Practice Time
Beginner15-20 minutes~2-3 hours~8-12 hours
Intermediate30-45 minutes~3-5 hours~12-20 hours
AdvancedAt least 1 hour~7 hours~28 hours

How to Practice Sight Reading Piano

Sight reading is the ability to play a piece of music without prior practice or preparation. It’s an essential skill for any pianist, as it allows you to play new pieces quickly and accurately. Here are some tips for improving your sight-reading abilities.

Start Slowly

When practicing sight reading, it’s essential to start slowly. Take your time to read the notes and understand the rhythm before attempting to play the piece at full speed. This will help you avoid mistakes and improve your accuracy.

Practice with Different Types of Music

To become a proficient sight reader, it’s essential to practice with different types of music. This will help you become familiar with different rhythms, key signatures, and note patterns, making it easier to read new pieces.

Use a Metronome

A metronome is a valuable tool for practicing sight reading. It will help you maintain a steady tempo and improve your rhythm. Start with a slower tempo and gradually increase the speed as you become more comfortable with the piece.

Can You Practice Piano on a Keyboard?

If you have a keyboard but not a piano, you may wonder if you can still practice effectively. The answer is yes, you can practice piano on a keyboard. While it may not have the same feel as an acoustic piano, it still has the same keys and can help you develop your skills.

However, it’s essential to note that there are some differences between a keyboard and a piano. For example, a keyboard may have fewer keys, and the keys may be smaller and lighter. This can affect your playing abilities, so it’s essential to practice on an acoustic piano whenever possible.

PortabilityLightweight and portable, can be easily moved and transportedHeavier and less portable, requires more effort to relocate
CostGenerally more affordable compared to acoustic pianosAcoustic pianos can be expensive, especially grand pianos
MaintenanceRequires less maintenance, no need for tuningRegular tuning and maintenance required for optimal performance
Volume ControlOften equipped with volume control and headphone jackFixed volume, may disturb others during practice
Key Feel and ActionKeys may feel lighter and may lack the same action as a pianoKeys are weighted and offer a more authentic playing experience
PolyphonyTypically offers polyphony, allowing for complex arrangementsLimited polyphony in acoustic pianos
Touch SensitivityMay lack touch sensitivity, affecting dynamics in performanceOffers touch sensitivity, allowing for nuanced expression
Sound QualityDigital sound, may not replicate the richness of acoustic pianoAuthentic sound, rich harmonics and resonance
Educational ToolsOften equipped with built-in metronome, recording, and teaching featuresRelies on external tools or accessories for educational support
Space RequirementCompact size makes it suitable for smaller living spacesRequires more floor space, especially for grand pianos
DurabilityGenerally more durable and resistant to environmental changesSensitive to humidity and temperature fluctuations


Piano practice is crucial for skill development and becoming a better piano player. By incorporating these tips and techniques into your practice routine, you’ll see significant improvements in your playing abilities. Remember to practice regularly, set goals, and have fun, and you’ll be on your way to becoming a proficient pianist.

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